The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working sled dog breed. The breed is genetically related to the Spitz. It is smaller than the similarly shaped Alaskan Malamute and is easily distinguished by its heavily furred double coat, upright triangular ears, and unusual markings.
Siberian Huskies originated in Northeast Asia where they are bred by the Chukchi people of Siberia for sled pulling, and companionship. It is a breed that is lively, vivacious, and tough and whose ancestors lived in the freezing, hostile Siberian Arctic. They were initially brought to Nome, Alaska, during the Nome Gold Rush by Russian fur dealer William Goosak as sled dogs to work the mining fields and for trips through otherwise impassable terrain.
Even though Siberian Huskies are still extensively used as sled dogs by professional and amateur mushers, they are now typically kept as indoor pets.
Appearance Of a Siberian Husky dog:
The double coat of the Siberian Husky is thicker than that of the majority of other dog breeds. It has an undercoat that is dense and delicately wavy and a topcoat that is longer and has thicker, straight guard hairs. It efficiently shields the dogs from the bitter Arctic winters and also deflects heat in the summer. It can resist temperatures between 58 and 76 °F (50 to 60 °C). During shedding, the undercoat is frequently missing. Weekly grooming is required for their thick coats.
The breed standard considers an excessively long coat, sometimes known as a “woolly” or “woolie” coat, to be a fault because it lacks the thicker guard hairs of the standard coat, hides the dog’s distinct form, causes the dog to overheat more quickly during rigorous harness training, and is more prone to matting and ice and snow buildup.
Siberian Huskies can be any colour or pattern, however they frequently have white paws, legs, facial markings, and tail tips. Black and white, grey and white, pure white, and the unusual “agouti” coat are some examples of coat colours, while many individuals exhibit blondish or piebald spotting. Some other people also have the “saddle back” pattern, in which the head, haunches, and shoulders are either light red or white, and black-tipped guard hairs are only present in the saddle region. There are many different types of striking masks, eyewear, and other facial marks.
The Siberian Husky’s eyes are described as having “an almond shape, moderate spacing, and set slightly obliquely” by the American Kennel Club. The AKC breed standard states that any combination of brown, blue, or black eyes is acceptable (complete is heterochromia). The American Kennel Club approves of these combinations of eye color. The dog’s vision is unaffected by the parti-color.
It is desired that show-quality dogs have neither pointed nor square noses. Gray dogs have a black nose, black dogs have a tan nose, copper dogs have a liver nose, and white dogs may have a light tan nose. Siberian Huskies occasionally have what is known as “snow nose” or “winter nose.” Animals with this disease are said to have hypopigmentation. It’s okay to “snow nose” in the show ring.
The thickly furred tails of Siberian Huskies are sometimes curled over their faces and noses to give additional warmth. The Siberian Husky, often known as the “Siberian Swirl,” will cover its nose when curled up to sleep in order to be warm. When the dog is calm, the tail should be held low; nevertheless, when the dog is enthusiastic or interested in something, the tail should curve upward in the shape of a “sickle.”
According to the breed standard, ideal height and weight requirements for males of the breed are between 20 and 24 inches (51 and 61 cm) at the withers and 45 and 60 pounds, respectively (20 and 27 kg).Females are smaller, reaching withers heights of 19 to 23 inches (48 to 58 cm) and weights of 35 to 50 pounds (16 to 23 kg).  Due to their stature of 40-50 lb. (18-23 kg), compared to the Alaskan Malamute’s size of 75-85 kg, Nome residents called Siberian Huskies “Siberian Rats” (34–39 kg).
Behavior of Siberians
The Husky typically howls rather than barks. They have been referred to as escape artists, and some of their methods include biting through, tunnelling under, and even jumping over fences.
The Chukchi were able to trust the Siberian Husky with youngsters since they had been nurtured in a family environment and not left to fend for themselves. The breed is considered to be child-friendly by the ASPCA. Additionally, it says they have high activity levels indoors, require specialized exercise, and could be dangerous “without sufficient care.”
Due to the Chukchi permitting Siberian Huskies to wander freely during the summer, these dogs have a high hunting drive. Although trained, the dogs can be trusted with other small animals. The dogs hunted in packs and preyed on wild cats, birds, and squirrels. When the snow started to fall again and food became limited, they would only go back to the Chukchi communities. The breed still exhibits their hunting instincts today, as seen by their typical high prey-drive.
For this breed to be kept as a pet, a 6 foot (1.83 m) fence is advised, while some have been known to scale fences as high as 8 ft (2.44 m). Electric pet fencing might not work well. They want constant company from humans and other dogs, and they have a strong need to belong to a group.
The Siberian Husky has a kind and amiable temperament. Since Siberian Huskies normally don’t bite humans, they can’t be utilised as security dogs. The breed also frequently exhibits independence, which is a drawback for assistance dogs. Siberian Huskies may develop mental issues if violent conduct is attempted to be taught to them. For the owner, it may be harmful. The dog is intelligent, yet due to its independence, impulsivity, and inattention, it can be stubborn. Starting training at a young age is quite beneficial for achieving obedience.
Dog psychologist Stanley Coren placed Siberian Huskies in the 77th position for intellect out of 138 breeds that were compared. The rankings in Coren’s published work, however, only took into account one of the three categories of dog intelligence, “Working and Obedience Intelligence,” which put the emphasis on trainability, or a dog’s capacity to comply with instructions given directly by a human in a controlled course environment. The Siberian Husky uses “Instinctive Intelligence” and “Adaptive Intelligence” significantly more than the other two types of intelligence when working as a sled dog since the driver gives the dogs little active direction and relies on them to make decisions under difficult circumstances.
Health issues Siberian Husky could face:
The Siberian Husky has an average lifespan of 12 to 14 years, according to an ASPCA study from 1999. Seizures, eye disorders (including juvenile cataracts, corneal dystrophy, canine glaucoma, and progressive retinal atrophy), congenital laryngeal paralysis, and other health problems specific to the breed are primarily hereditary in nature.
Although hip dysplasia is uncommon in this breed, it can happen, just as it does in many medium- or large-sized dogs. With barely 2% of tested Siberian Huskies exhibiting hip dysplasia, the Siberian Husky is now classified 155th out of 160 breeds at risk for the condition by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals.
In addition to these conditions, Siberian Huskies used in sled racing may also be susceptible to gastric disease, bronchitis or bronchopulmonary disorders (“ski asthma”), and gastric erosions or ulcerations.
Nearly all of the Siberian Huskies now that are registered in the US are offspring of the dogs Leonhard Seppala imported from Siberia in 1930, particularly Togo. There has been significant debate regarding the founder effect susceptibility of the few registered foundational dogs.
Personality of Siberian Husky:
Before making the challenging commitment of sharing a home with a Siberian Husky, it is crucial for any prospective owner to become knowledgeable about the breed’s usual characteristics. If you wish to adopt a Siberian husky, you must be aware of its traits, temperament, and behaviour. With their happy disposition, friendliness, energy, and amazing attractive look, Siberian Huskies are difficult to resist.
Medium size, moderate bone, well-balanced proportions, ease and freedom of movement, appropriate coat, attractive head and ears, appropriate tail, and pleasant temperament are the Siberian Husky’s most crucial traits.
Because he is autonomous and was made to run, a Siberian Husky should be brought every day for a run, a hike, or a bike ride, always on a leash. They particularly enjoy the SNOW. They’ll basically drive you crazy until you let them out if it’s snowing outside. If these possibilities aren’t given, the animal will get unhappy and turn into a destructive one. He enjoys being outside and needs to be active, even when it’s cool out. Giving him a purpose in life by teaching him to pull sleds and carts.
A Siberian Husky is not a guard dog because he does not exhibit excessive mistrust of other breeds and strangers. It acts amiably with strangers and can amuse them just like its owner. Huskies don’t generally bark, but when they are with their owners, they will emit a “woo woo woo” sound.
Training the Siberian Huskies can be difficult due to their high intelligence and stubbornness. Unless they are aware of an incentive, they are not always eager to please. They will be staring at you instead of following your instructions, and it will appear that they are not paying attention at all. When you order them to sit, they might respond by talking, and before long, you’ll be arguing with your Siberian about why they ought to do so. But if you’re consistent and patient, you can manage a husky with ease. The dog should be trained as soon as possible. Give it a job and see his performance. Put him through obedience training, and you’ll see results right away.
Siberian Husky as Artist
Siberian huskies can run through electric fences, fit through the tiniest of openings, and break or chew their way free of a tie-out. They are known as the best escape artists, therefore if you wish to let them off leash, your yard needs to be securely fenced in. The majority of 6-foot-high fences are readily jumped or climbed. They can also excavate the ground beneath the barrier. They occasionally come up with escape strategies that you may have never even considered. These perceptive dogs are constantly eager to learn new things. You will undoubtedly learn that you haven’t seen it all if you live with a husky.
Siberian Husky as Athlete
The Siberian Huskies excel at athletics naturally. They need some sort of physical activity. Contrary to popular belief, the Siberian does not require a lot of open space. A modest fenced area can be used for adequate exercise, or you can go on daily walks. But keep in mind that because of their power, they shouldn’t be left in the sole charge of a young child or an adult who isn’t in good physical shape.
Siberian Husky as Gardeners
Siberian huskies have a propensity for digging and being in awe. You may occasionally discover them creating big craters in your yard. Even they can locate the sump pump leak, which is 3–4 feet below the surface of the ground. They have a natural tendency to dig, which can be somewhat suppressed but not entirely stopped.
Siberian Husky as The Hairball
A lot of people assume that because of their gorgeous thick coat, they will live as outside dogs. They are protected from both heat and cold by a double covering of hair that acts as insulation. It can live in a hot climate with ease. They are observed bathing in the mud to cool down when it’s hot outside. To keep their Sibes cool, you might have resorted to placing a kiddie pool outside.
Curious Siberian Husky
Siberian huskies are extremely inquisitive dogs. They naturally desire to attack and prey on small creatures like birds, rabbits, house cats, and squirrels. They can be nimble, crafty, and incredibly unpredictable. It is crucial that they learn how to cohabitate with people when they are still very young puppies because of this. They will be able to live with a smaller dog or cat in the same home thanks to this socialization
Socialite Siberian Husky as
Siberian huskies are reputed to be extremely social and pack-oriented dogs. This breed can form strong bonds with both people and other dogs. They may give their owners a lot of years of company and amusement. Although they might be challenging to manage at times, they can also bring their family more happiness and fun than many other breeds. The temperament of a husky is quite lovely and it is very loving. They enjoy pulling on their toys and running. The cutest of them all is this. the most jovial, happy, amiable, and obstinate. Adults, kids, dog lovers, and even dog haters are all loved by them. They appreciate spending a lot of time with them and showing attention to others.
Relation with Children
Siberian huskies are by nature incapable of comprehending a child’s conduct. Therefore, leaving your kids alone and unattended, even for a little while, is not a good idea. Children and puppies could accidently hurt one other because each group has any understanding of the other’s size or strength. However, they can make good friends for the younger ones. You shouldn’t experience any issues as long as you teach your youngster and the new puppy appropriate behaviour around one another.
Relation with Other Dogs
If properly taught, Siberian Huskies get along with other canines in most cases. Most dogs seem to like this breed’s sociable and playful nature. When attacked, they are constantly prepared to defend themselves. Even while you shouldn’t leave a Siberian Husky alone with a small dog or cat, you may feel secure by giving them the right training and socialization.
Living with (How to deal a Siberian Husky):
Before making the difficult commitment of sharing your home with a Siberian Husky, you should become familiar with the breed’s typical characteristics. This is because many Siberian Huskies have ended up as strays, in dog shelters, injured or worse on the road, become neighbourhood nuisances, or have been abused and mistreated. To ensure a healthy lifestyle, store it in the coolest part of your home. Keeping it in a warm environment may result in a number of skin illnesses. Always make sure your dog has access to a place to escape the blazing sun. In the summer, water will keep them cool. Your husky will benefit greatly from having a swimming pool at your home.
Spending more time with a Siberian husky can help you see that much of its bizarre behaviour has a logical justification. It is simple to take care of the dog. Because they are meticulously clean and free of parasites and body odour, they make ideal indoor pets. Even if a Siberian husky is aware of what you want him or her to do, they might not be eager to comply, thus early training is crucial. It’s the ideal moment to adopt a husky if you are aware of its personalities and prepared to socialize it.
Male: 45-60 pounds; 20-27 kg
Female: 35-50 pounds; 16-22.5 kg
Male: 21-23.5 inches; 53-60 cm
Female: 20-22 inches; 51-56 cm
Life Expectancy: 12-15 years
Country of Origin: Russia
The Siberian Husky comes in a wide range of colors and markings, however the American Kennel Club only recognises the following as standard hues:
- Agouti and white
- Black and white
- Gray and white
- Red and white
- Sable and white
Copper, tan, brown, black, and black are other color options.
History of Siberian Husky Dog Breed:
The Chukotka Sled Dog is regarded as the Siberian Husky’s ancestor. Chukotka sled dog teams were invented by the Chukchi people of Russia and have been employed to pull sleds in challenging situations ever since, including hunting marine mammals on oceanic pack ice.
In order to transport gold miners to the Yukon during the Klondike Gold Rush in the 1890s and the “All-Alaska Sweepstakes,” a 408-mile (657-km) dog sled race from Nome to Candle and back, in the 1930s, Chukotka sled dogs were deliberately recruited into Alaska. At this period, the word “Esquimaux” or “Eskimos” was a derogatory one frequently used to refer to native Arctic people, including the Uskee, Uskimay, and Huskemaw dialects. So, the Huskies’ dogs, the Huskies’ dogs, and later just the Husky dogs were the dogs that the Arctic people employed.
Due to the fact that Chukotka is a part of Siberia, Canadian and American settlers who were unfamiliar with Russian geography would identify the imported Chukotka huskies by calling them Siberian huskies.
They dominated the Sweepstakes race right away because they were lighter, faster, and more resilient than the 100–120 pound (45–54 kg) freighting dogs that were the norm at the time. From 1909 to the middle of the 1920s, Leonhard Seppala, the leading breeder of Siberian sled dogs at the time, competed and won several championships.
Gunnar Kaasen delivered diphtheria serum from Nenana, a distance of more than 600 miles, to Nome on February 3, 1925, as the last musher in the 1925 serum run to Nome. This was a collaborative effort between numerous sled dog teams and mushers, with Leonhard Seppala and his lead dog Togo covering the longest and most perilous (264 miles or 422 km) part of the route. The incident is shown in the 2019 movie Togo. Balto, the name of Gunnar Kaasen’s lead dog in his sled team, was included in the 1995 animated film Balto; however, unlike the genuine dog, Balto the character was presented as a wolf-dog in the movie. In New York City’s Central Park, a bronze statue was constructed in recognition of this lead dog.
The shipment of dogs from Siberia was stopped in 1930. The American Kennel Club recognized the Siberian Husky in the same year. The breed was first registered in Canada nine years later. The breed was first recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1938 under the name “Arctic Husky,” changing to “Siberian Husky” in 1991. Before relocating to New England, when he joined forces with Elizabeth Ricker, Seppala ran a kennel in Alaska. They started racing and exhibiting their dogs all over the Northeast while jointly owning the Poland Springs kennel.
With the publication of the “Great Race of Mercy,” a 1925 serum run to Nome starring Balto and Togo, Siberian huskies became widely known. Although Togo made the longest run of the relay, guiding his musher Leonhard Seppala on a 261-mile journey that included crossing the perilous Norton Sound to Golovin, and who ultimately became a foundation dog for the Siberian Husky breed, Balto is considered the more famous due to being the dog that delivered the serum to Nome after running the final 53-mile leg.
In 1933, as the breed was starting to gain popularity, Navy Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd sent roughly 50 Siberian Huskies on an expedition with the goal of circumnavigating Antarctica’s 16,000-mile coast. At the Chinook Kennels in New Hampshire, several of the dogs received their training. The illustrious journey, known as Operation Highjump, demonstrated the Siberian Husky’s value because of its small size and high speed. During World War II, Siberian Huskies also participated in the Arctic Search and Rescue Unit of the Air Transport Command of the United States Army. They remained popular well into the twenty-first century. In terms of American Kennel Club registrants, they were placed 16th in 2012, moving up to 14th in 2013.
Between 1945 and 1994, the British Antarctic Survey utilised huskies as sled dogs extensively in Antarctica. Outside of BAS’s Cambridge headquarters is a bronze memorial commemorating all of its dog teams.
With the help of 150+ crew members and an unofficial mascot Siberian husky named Mukluk, the US Army undertook Project Iceworm in 1960 to build Camp Century, an under-the-ice base for defence and space research.
Due to their tremendous popularity and strong physical and mental requirements, Siberians are frequently abandoned or given to shelters by new owners who did not thoroughly research them and were unable to care for them. Many people choose a breed based on its appearance and mythology in popular culture, and they buy puppies from backyard or puppy mill breeders who do not have breeder-return contracts that ethical breeders have, which are intended to keep the breed out of shelters.
It was always believed that the Chukchi tribes of Siberia had stopped breeding and keeping sled dogs, but Benedict Allen, who visited the area and wrote about it for Geographical magazine in 2006, found evidence of their continued existence. He notes selection for obedience, endurance, agreeable nature, and size that allowed families to sustain them without undue hardship in his description of the breeding done by the Chukchi.
How much does a Siberian Husky Cost?
The cost of a Siberian Husky puppy, if you want to work with a reputable breeder, often ranges from $800 to $1500. However, premium bloodlines are easily more expensive. Some purebred Siberian Husky puppies can potentially cost as much as $6000.
Designer pets like little Siberian Huskies can be rather pricey. The cost of a Miniature Siberian Husky ranges from $1500 to $3000 on average.
Make sure you are working with a Siberian husky breeder who practises ethics when you purchase from a breeder.
Never buy a Siberian Husky from a pet store or acquire one online. You can be assisting a backyard breeder or a puppy mill.
Make plans to visit a Siberian Husky breeder in person instead. You will be able to see the conditions the dogs are live in as a result. Additionally, you will be able to meet the breeding dogs and check their genetic tests and medical information. Any trustworthy breeder will be delighted to welcome you.