Angel Fish

One of the most well-liked types of tropical aquarium fish is the angelfish, a type of freshwater cichlid.

You have probably encountered freshwater angelfish if you’ve ever taken a stroll down the tank aisle at your neighbourhood pet store. These fish are one of the most well-liked species in the hobby of keeping freshwater aquariums because of their distinctive beauty, which includes tall, pointed fins and shimmering scales. Angelfish are not only lovely to look at, but they are also enjoyable to raise. If you’ve ever considered raising freshwater angelfish, take the time to familiarise yourself about the species so you can set up your tank to suit their requirements.

Pterophyllum scalare, often known as freshwater angelfish, is a type of cichlid that is indigenous to South America. Generally speaking, these fish can be found in the Rio Oyapock, Rio Essequibo, and the Amazon proper, as well as in Colombia, Guyana, French Guiana, Peru, and Brazil. This species can grow to a maximum total length of 6 inches and a maximum height of 8 inches. They display a laterally compressed body structure, which basically indicates that they are quite slender, like the majority of cichlids. These fish are available in a number of hues and designs, such as solid silver, coloured stripes, and black and silver marble. Freshwater angelfish tend to coexist peacefully as a species, although they may not get along with very small species. These fish have an average lifespan of ten years or more and prefer to be kept in tanks with other fish of their own species.

Tank Setup Advice:

Angelfish should be kept in a tank with a minimum capacity of 20 gallons because they can get up to 6 inches long. The larger the tank, the better. Angelfish prefer to be housed in tall aquariums rather than wide ones due to the fact that this species tends to grow tall rather than long. For this species, the ideal temperature range is between 75 and 84F, while the ideal water hardness range is between 5 and 18 dH. Freshwater angelfish, which are native to the Amazon River, demand a slightly acidic pH between 6.0 and 7.5, as well as a tank design that is heavily vegetated. Although this species gets along with other community fish, it shouldn’t be maintained with fish that nibble on fins or little fish that might end up as prey. Additionally, you need to be careful not to crowd the tank because doing so could make aggressive or territorial behaviour worse.

Nutrition and Care:

Although omnivorous by nature, freshwater angelfish often favour a diet high in meat. Although angelfish typically eat small crustaceans and aquatic invertebrates in the natural, they will accept a wide range of foods in a home aquarium. Give your angelfish a diet consisting primarily of specially made cichlid flakes or pellets, and add lots of live, frozen, and freeze-dried items as supplements. Among the many live items that angelfish frequently eat are bloodworms, brine shrimp, white worms, and other tiny insects and crustaceans. Due to the omnivorous nature of these fish, adding fresh veggies or algal wafers to their diet will also be beneficial to them.

You should provide your angelfish with a balanced food in addition to performing regular weekly water changes and other maintenance procedures to maintain great water quality in your tank. To ensure that the water parameters in your aquarium remain within the proper range, replace your filter media on a weekly basis and test the water once a week. You must get an aquarium water test kit if you want to test the water in your aquarium. These kits are fortunately affordable and simple to use. Another choice is to take a sample of tank water to your neighbourhood pet shop, where it may be tested for free. In addition to routinely testing your tank water, you should also keep a diary of the test results so you can create a baseline for your tank’s parameters. By doing this, you’ll be better able to identify problems as soon as they arise and your tank’s parameters change.

Raising Advice:

The morphological distinctions that can be used to separate the sexes are frequently only noticeable after spawning, making this species infamously challenging to sex. For instance, male angelfish have smaller, more pointed genital papillae than females, although they might not be noticeable unless it’s time for mating. Males of the species may also act more aggressively or aggressively in a territorial manner. Since angelfish are so hard to sex, it is best to start with a group of six juveniles and wait for them to couple off naturally as they mature. If you want to speed up the process, you may also be able to buy an established breeding pair from a breeder or pet store.

You must give your angelfish a balanced diet of live and frozen meals in order to get them ready to reproduce. The breeding couple may also need to be placed in a separate breeding tank. Keep the water quality in the tank high by performing frequent water changes, and make an effort to keep the temperature consistent between 80 and 85F. When your angelfish are ready to spawn, the female will start laying eggs in neat rows while the male follows after, fertilising each egg separately. Remove the adult angelfish from the aquarium once the spawning is over since they will probably consume the eggs and freshly hatched fry.


Consider the angelfish if you’re seeking for a rare and lovely species of freshwater fish. These fish come in a wide range of hues and patterns, and when they are gracefully swimming around the tank, they are a sight to behold. These fish are lovely to raise, regardless of whether your goal is to breed them or simply to admire their beauty. If you decide to add angelfish to your aquarium, be sure to keep in mind the advice and information shown in this piece so you can give your fish a home that satisfies all of their needs.

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